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Cap Badge, Shoulder Titles and Collar Badges of the Toronto Scottish Regiment (MG)
(Credit for photographs of the badges goes to Clifford Weirmeir, with his splendid website about the Irish regiment of Canada)


N.B.: The Toronto Scottish Glengarry has a distinctive border with light blue, white and hodden grey dicing,

while the pipers wear a standard plain dark blue Piper's Glengarry.


Hodden Grey Tartan as worn by the Toronto Scottish and their parent Regiment: the London Scottish



Left to Right: front of The Toronto Scottish Regimental History "Carry On" and the dustcover of this book.

Source of the following are written texts by Pipe Sergeant Tim Stewart CD, Curator of the Toronto Scottish Regimental Museum, from Wikipedia and

from the Regimental History Book "Carry On".

The Pipes and Drums have been a most important part of the Regiment from the early 1920's when they were formed under Pipe Major David Bell. One of the better known Pipe Majors was W.O. 2, Pipe Major Adam MacDonald E.M, who took charge of the band from 1934 to 1955. Pipe Major MacDonald was well respected in piping circles and a fine teacher to the young recruits.

W.O. 2, Pipe Major Adam MacDonald E.M in England, 1943

During the Second World War, the regiment was mobilized as a machine gun battalion for the 1st. Canadian Infantry Division. Its training took place in the Fort York Armoury Drill Hall in Toronto.

Fort York Armoury, Toronto.

When the Regiment went to war in 1939, the entire pipe band volunteered.

On 7 December 1939 the Toronto Scottish embarked on the Troopship Empress of Australia at Halifax, Nova Scotia to travel to England.

7 December 1939, the Toronto Scottish embarking on the Troopship Empress of Australia at Halifax, Nova Scotia to travel to England.

Source of this photograph: Library and Archives Canada

Troopship Empress of Australia

RMS Empress of Australia was an ocean liner built in 1913 1919 by Vulcan AG shipyard in Stettin, Germany (now Szczecin, Poland) for the Hamburg America Line. She was refitted for Canadian Pacific Steamships; and the ship was renamed yet again in 1922 as Empress of Australia.

Second World War service

The Empress of Australia was sent to Southampton, where she was to be converted into a troopship; painted in grey, fitted with a three-inch (76 mm) gun and with a carrying capacity of 5,000. It was in this role that she would remain for the next 13 years. Empress of Australia left on her first wartime voyage to Ceylon and Bombay on 28 September 1939. Following this task, the ship then went across the Atlantic to Halifax, from where she joined a large convoy carrying Canadian soldiers to Europe.

Throughout the war Empress of Australia enjoyed very good luck. In 1941, it was widely reported that she had been torpedoed off the coast of Africa, but she survived that brush with disaster. She was only seriously damaged once, when she was holed by the Orient Line's 14,982 ton Ormonde during the North Africa campaign in January 1943. Her final wartime voyage was from Hong Kong and Singapore with ex-prisoners of war and internees.

The R.M.S. Empress of Australia in her prime

In April 1940, the 1st. Battalion mounted the King's Guard at Buckingham Palace. The 2nd Battalion served in the reserve army in Canada. The band played at many functions in England during those early war years, but each member of the band, in addition to being a piper/drummer, was a trained soldier.

Royal inspection by Her Majesty the Queen, Pitshill England, May 7th. 1943

Source: LAC e010778732-v8.jpg MIKAN no. 4232581

Following a reorganization early in 1940, the battalion was reassigned to the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, where it operated as a support battalion, providing machine-gun detachments for the Operation Jubilee force at Dieppe in 1942, and then with an additional company of mortars, it operated in support of the rifle battalions of the 2nd. Division in northwest Europe from July 1944 to V.E. Day.

Toronto Scottish en route from Beveland to North Beveland, The Netherlands, 1 November 1944

LAC MIKAN no.3199687

In the Regiment's fight to liberate Holland, Pipe Major MacDonald was awarded the Dutch Meritorious Cross for gallant service. Forty years later, in 1985, Grigor Murdoch E.M. C.D, a wartime piper and 1950's Pipe Major of the Scottish, accompanied the band on its return to Holland for the 40th anniversary of the liberation. Other wartime pipers who made the trip in 1985 were: Garfield Foster, Alex Howie and James Revie.